4 things to consider before setting a science based target

Science-based targets (SBTs) are fast becoming the only realistic method to fulfil the global ambition to limit catastrophic climate change.

4 things to consider before setting a science based target

Over 260 companies have committed to setting an SBT through the Science Based Targets initiative (SBTI), with many more developing SBTs without publicising their intent. It is likely that the recent surge in uptake is predominantly due to the change in CDP scoring methodology, with companies holding an endorsed SBT gaining extra leadership points. We also hear from our clients an increased interest in developing long term environmental strategies to make them competitive and appeal to their stakeholders – from their shareholders to their customers. Building resilience against climate regulation and policy, providing a platform for innovation and improving reputation remain fundamental drivers to setting an SBT.

However, it is important to remember that setting an SBT is only the start of the journey towards ensuring corporate and industry level responsibility for emissions reductions. The main challenge lies in achieving this long-term goal while keeping to the designated carbon reduction pathway and interim targets. It is these interim targets that form the backbone of the SBT and ensure their alignment with global carbon budgets. So, what are 4 things to consider before setting a science-based target?

1. Strategy

A plan is key. This plan should be as detailed as possible, splitting the carbon reductions down by Scope and region/business unit if applicable. Additionally, companies need to be mindful to build flexibility into these plans, allowing for business growth and operational change.

2. Data Collection

With an ambitious target set, data collection and quality is vital. Collection of actual consumption data is required not just so actual energy reduction can be quantified, but also so inefficiencies can be highlighted and acted upon.

Data collection is also fundamental to Scope 3 targets and supply chain ambition if applicable to the business. Gaining a full understanding of the supply chain through collaboration and engagement with suppliers and collecting actual data are the first steps to achieving ambitious Scope 3 emission reductions.

3. Innovation

Without innovation, energy efficiency improvements, and energy/carbon reductions are unlikely to keep pace with those defined by a SBT. Energy monitoring and assessment of projects provide the opportunity to identify focus areas and make meaningful energy reductions. In addition, prioritizing energy reduction initiatives that also deliver high carbon savings by considering carbon reductions alongside monetary payback can provide a useful mechanism in defining an investment strategy.

4. Review and Monitoring

Finally, it is important to review and monitor progress against a SBT annually. As some SBT methodologies are inherently changeable due to their relation against global GDP growth, an annual assessment is required to analyse performance and confirm future emission reductions. In addition, to truly align with climate science, cumulative carbon emissions need to be assessed to ensure alignment with global carbon budgets.



About EcoAct

At EcoAct we are driven by a shared purpose to make a difference. To help businesses to implement positive change in response to climate and carbon challenges, whilst also driving commercial performance.

Download our


Do you know how to set a science based target? Our factsheet on the 5 steps to setting and meeting a science based target will show you how to align your carbon reduction targets with the rate of decarbonisation required by science to limit global warming to well below 2 degrees. Learn how to assess the feasibility of your target, the recommended approaches and the stages of calculating an SBT.

This website uses cookies to ensure you get the best experience on our website. You can find out more about which cookies we are using in our privacy policy.